Module RT1 is NAI’s latest generation Resistance Temperature Detector (RTD). This module is used on NAI’s multifunction embedded boards and SBCs.
The module provides eight measurement channels, and can be programmed for interfacing to 2-, 3-, and 4-wire platinum RTD sensor configurations. The 4-wire mode (default) is the most accurate, providing excellent stability and repeatability. The RTD channels feature individual A/D converters and precision excitation/current drive. Programmable lead-wire compensation is provided for inherently less accurate 2- and 3-wire configurations. All RTD channels are self-aligning because each channel is automatically "aligned" on a rotating basis to eliminate offset and gain errors throughout the operating envelope. Programmability for expected resistance range and wire modes allows for optimization of scaling/resolution, as well as flexibility in reading many RTD types.
The RT1 is used to measure temperature by providing the measured resistance of the RTD element. By correlating the characteristic resistance with the temperature algorithm of the specific RTD utilized, the temperature can be resolved. Most RTD elements consist of a length of fine coiled wire wrapped around a ceramic or glass core. The element is usually quite fragile, so it is often placed inside a sheathed probe to protect it. The RTD element is made from a pure material, typically platinum, nickel, or copper. The material has a predictable change in resistance as the temperature changes; it is this predictable change that is used to determine temperature.
Due to higher accuracy and repeatability, RTDs are increasing in use as compared with thermocouples in many industrial/embedded and test applications below 600°C.